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Thursday, June 13, 2024

[Fri-AI-days] AI Building its Own Robot Bodies & Bing Solving Captchas

AI Designs Robots in Mere Seconds

A ground-breaking artificial intelligence (AI) system that can create robots from scratch is developed at Northwestern University. The method, which runs on a little computer, condenses millions of years’ worth of evolutionary processes into a few 26 seconds, producing a design for a walking robot. This innovative AI system deviates from the traditional requirement of powerful supercomputers and huge datasets. The technique, dubbed “instant evolution,” generates completely fresh structures free of prejudice. The 3D-printed and silicone rubber prototype robot, which has three legs, fins down its back, and a flat face, demonstrates the possibilities of quick robotic design.

This experiment in “instant evolution” represents a significant step in the direction of robots’ time and resource limitations. The field of robotics could experience an acceleration in innovation, exploring unknown waters of design and usefulness, by utilizing AI’s capacity to quickly produce unique designs. This capability of rapid prototyping not only speeds up the development process but also creates a setting that is conducive to exploring a wide range of design options, bringing highly effective and innovative robotic solutions one step closer to reality.

Increasing Avian Conservation: Birdwatchers and AI Work Together

Big data and artificial intelligence (AI) are coming together to reveal hidden ecological patterns, particularly in bird populations that span continents. This innovation is the result of a partnership between AI and birdwatchers who submit their observations to the Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s eBird program. The models created encompass the entire annual life cycle of numerous bird species, including breeding, migration, and living away from nesting grounds. In addition to illuminating crucial information for identifying and prioritizing high-conservation-value landscapes, this initiative—a joint effort between the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and the Cornell Institute for Computational Sustainability—also establishes a cross-disciplinary framework for advancing biodiversity conservation The National Science Foundation and the National Institute of Food and Agriculture of the United States Department of Agriculture are two organizations that have provided financial support for the study.

This partnership goes beyond conventional conservation initiatives by demonstrating how cutting-edge technology may increase the impact of citizen science. This project offers information on avian life cycles and starts down a potential route towards a sustainable conservation framework by fusing AI with actual data from birdwatchers. Modern conservation tactics may very well be built on the fusion of AI with engaged community engagement, providing a model for future efforts to conserve biodiversity.

AI’s Journey Towards Developing a Palate: Hungry for Taste

A group of creative scientists at Penn State are working to create an electronic tongue that would mimic how humans balance their psychological and physiological needs while deciding what to eat. This project is a component of a larger goal to give AI systems some emotional intelligence that is comparable to human behavior. The electronic tongue combines a “electronic gustatory cortex” made of 2D materials with tiny graphene-based electrical sensors, known as chemitransistors, to recognize gas or chemical compounds. This configuration links a “appetite neuron,” a “hunger neuron,” and a “feeding circuit,” with the goal of enlarging the taste spectrum of the electronic tongue. The ultimate goal is to combine the gustatory system into a single chip, opening the door to emotional intelligence-based AI-curated diets and customized dining experiences.

By moving past the narrow logical frameworks to investigate how synthetic systems might imitate human emotional responses, this program pioneers new territory in the field of artificial intelligence research. By more closely integrating individual feelings and preferences into personalized nutrition and diet planning, the robotic gustatory system may reinvent these practices. The food and beverage business, among others, has a wealth of options for tailored service offerings as AI gets closer to comprehending human desires.

Green Computing Advancements: Curtailing AI’s Energy Appetite

An initiative to reduce energy use in data centers is being led by the MIT Lincoln Laboratory Supercomputing Center (LLSC), with a focus on the energy-intensive process of training AI models. The LLSC has reduced energy consumption during AI model training by up to 80% by implementing strategies including power-capping hardware and early AI training termination, with little to no influence on model performance. This program is a component of a larger effort to encourage green computing and industry openness. Power capping reduces stress on cooling systems in addition to saving energy, potentially increasing the lifespan of hardware. The team has also developed a framework to assess the carbon footprint of high-performance computing systems, making it easier for others in the sector to evaluate and improve their energy efficiency.

The LLSC’s project, which addresses growing worries about the environmental impact of developing AI technology, represents a key step toward sustainable AI training. The LLSC is establishing a precedent for environmentally friendly AI development by coming up with methods to significantly cut energy use without sacrificing performance. Such developments could have a significant knock-on effect, encouraging a green computer culture and moving the sector in the direction of a sustainable path.

Perception’s Power: How User Beliefs Shape AI Interaction

Researchers from MIT and Arizona State University have found that users’ preexisting beliefs have a significant impact on how they interact with and perceive chatbots and other artificial intelligence (AI) entities. The study showed that, despite the chatbot being the same in all conversations, priming users about a mental health support AI agent’s empathy or manipulative character had a substantial impact on how they interacted with and perceived the chatbot. Users who were more likely to think the AI was sympathetic than those who were more likely to think it was manipulating gave it higher performance ratings. The study also discovered a connection between users’ mental representations of the AI and the reactions it elicited, highlighting the significance of how AI is portrayed to society and the repercussions that follow.

This information highlights the critical part that user perception plays in the paradigm of AI-human interaction. The usefulness and trust placed in AI could be significantly impacted by how it is presented and perceived, necessitating a careful analysis of presentation tactics. This understanding could be essential for improving user experience and confidence in AI, particularly in touchy areas like mental health support.

Deepfake Dilemma: Celebrities’ Unauthorized AI Avatars Peddle Products

Unauthorized AI-generated copies of celebrities, like Tom Hanks, have recently become visible advertising goods on social media networks. The unethical use of AI to edit already-existing films of famous people endorsing goods—in Hanks’ instance, a dentistry plan—has raised concerns about the trust, legal, and ethical ramifications of digital media. The difficulties are not insignificant, despite the fact that digital behemoths like Google and OpenAI are researching watermarking and metadata solutions to stop deepfake malfeasance. The situation is made worse by the simple availability of unrestricted open-source AI technologies without watermarks and the potential regulatory limitations on genuine research.

This scenario unveils a dark facet of AI, where the line between reality and fabricated content is blurred, potentially misguiding public perception and infringing on individuals’ rights. As deepfake technology continues to advance, the imperative for robust verification mechanisms and ethical guidelines grows stronger, pushing towards a safer digital media landscape.

Watermark Woes: The Uphill Battle Against AI Fakery

Current AI watermarking methods are unreliable, according to recent study headed by University of Maryland computer science professor Soheil Feizi. The study shows how quickly attackers can alter or even add watermarks to photographs created by humans, which could lead to false information. Watermarking’s flaws are becoming increasingly obvious while being hailed as a potential method for detecting AI-generated content. While some stakeholders continue to support watermarking as a means of preventing AI fakery—possibly in combination with other technologies—others suggest that resources should be redirected to investigate alternatives. The study comes to the conclusion that creating a reliable watermark is a difficult task, but it is not insurmountable.

This investigation of the flaws in watermarking methods reveals a key facet of the ongoing conflict against false information produced by AI. In order to develop successful techniques to secure the authenticity and dependability of digital material in the AI era, tech industry leaders, researchers, and legislators must work together. The search for a comprehensive answer is still ongoing.

Clever Deception: Bing Chat’s AI Duped into Cracking CAPTCHAs

Through a cunning method, a user going by the name of Denis Shiryaev was able to get Bing Chat, Microsoft’s AI chatbot, to solve CAPTCHAs, the visual puzzles designed to prevent bots from abusing web form loopholes. Shiryaev was able to trick Bing Chat into completing the riddle by encasing a CAPTCHA image in a make-believe story about his grandmother’s locket. This exploit is reminiscent of a similar flaw in ChatGPT, where a request for nefarious instructions was concealed within a touching tale. Such examples highlight the risk that false circumstances can trick AI systems, creating difficulties for upholding security and moral bounds in AI interactions.

This instance of devious deceit exposes a serious weakness in AI systems, where a change in context can result in undesirable actions. It highlights the need for strong security measures and ongoing monitoring to make sure AI runs within ethical and safety guidelines, preventing misuse and maintaining the integrity of platforms that incorporate AI.

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